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The Church in the Middle Ages: The Emergence of Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy

While there were differences between churches in various towns and regions from the earliest days of the church, the Middle Ages saw the development of two distinct traditions or trajectories in terms of the church in the West and in the East, with the West reflecting Roman Catholicism (from...

The Church in the Middle Ages - The Rise and Contribution of Monks

The blog posts over the past couple of months have journeyed through the first few centuries of our family heritage as Christians. For the month of March, we now move into what is often labeled the “Middle Ages” or “Medieval Period” (essentially 500-1500). I feel like...

Creeds and Councils

Have you ever been a bit confused about the Christian belief that there is one God and this one God exists in three persons (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit)? Or about the fact that Christians believe that Jesus was fully God and fully human? If you have ever wrestled with those ideas, you are not...

Constantine's Influence on the Church

One individual who had a significant impact on the church was not a pastor or theologian but rather a Roman emperor by the name of Constantine. The fact that he impacted the church has not been disputed; however, the nature of his contribution is hotly debated as I have heard people describe his...

Common Controversies in Church History: Culture and Fallen Christians

One of the things I love about studying church history -- our family heritage -- is realizing that some of the challenges and problems we face today existed many years ago. This is comforting, since we have a tendency to think that we are the only ones who have had to deal with these challenges...

Our Heritage as Christians: Apologists

I believe I was in high school when I first heard of “apologists.” At first I was a bit confused by the term, as it sounded like these people were apologizing for being a Christian. However, it was soon explained to me that apologists were Christian writers, speakers, and thinkers...

Key Characteristics of the Early Church

In exploring church history as a “heritage report” of our ancestors in the Christian faith, we saw what happened to the 12 Apostles and some of the key leaders who were influenced by the apostles and helped lead the next generation of the church (the Apostolic Fathers). A potential...

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